Java RSS Reader Example

Today I was working with the DOM in Java and decided to write a simple RSS reader. The code below is an example of a Java RSS Reader. You just give it an instance of URL through the setURL assessor. Then call the writeFeed() method which outputs the title/description/link of each item in the feed.

import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilder;
import javax.xml.parsers.DocumentBuilderFactory;
import org.w3c.dom.Document;
import org.w3c.dom.Element;
import org.w3c.dom.Node;
import org.w3c.dom.NodeList;

public class RSSReader {

   private static RSSReader instance = null;

   private URL rssURL;

   private RSSReader() {}

   public static RSSReader getInstance() {
      if (instance == null)
         instance = new RSSReader();
      return instance;

   public void setURL(URL url) {
      rssURL = url;

   public void writeFeed() {
      try {
         DocumentBuilder builder = DocumentBuilderFactory.newInstance().newDocumentBuilder();
         Document doc = builder.parse(rssURL.openStream());

         NodeList items = doc.getElementsByTagName("item");

         for (int i = 0; i < items.getLength(); i++) {
            Element item = (Element)items.item(i);
            System.out.println(getValue(item, "title"));
            System.out.println(getValue(item, "description"));
            System.out.println(getValue(item, "link"));
      } catch (Exception e) {

   public String getValue(Element parent, String nodeName) {
      return parent.getElementsByTagName(nodeName).item(0).getFirstChild().getNodeValue();

   public static void main(String[] args) {
      try {
         RSSReader reader = RSSReader.getInstance();
         reader.setURL(new URL(""));
      } catch (Exception e) {

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